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World War One Canadian Expeditionary Force

The tables below contain information related to soldiers who served in the Canadian Expeditionary Force during World War One. Biographies will be developed on individual soldiers as time and resources allow. Any information readers can contribute is welcomed.

The biographies on this page have been developed primarily through the research of Marilyn M. Astle using information gleaned from a variety of sources, including attestation papers from the Soldiers of the First World War (1914-1918), Library and Archives Canada.

Many of the soldiers were from New Carlisle Quebec, and Carol Cunday has kindly permitted the use of two of her photographs of the New Carlisle War memorial. The detailed view of the names on the memorial includes an indication of those who were killed in action (+), and those who died later in hospital or from their injuries (-).

(In the table below † = Killed in Action)

ASSELS

Born

At

Trade

Calling

Religion

Current

Address

Place Signed

Next of Kin

Next of Kin

Address

Edmund

Jun 17 1891

New Carlisle

Quebec

Farmer & Laborer

Church of

England

New Carlisle,

Quebec

New Carlisle

Quebec

Robert A. Assels Father

New Carlisle,

Quebec

Ernest

Apr 8 1871

New Carlisle

Quebec

Farmer

Church of

England


New Carlisle

Quebec

Mrs Ernest Astles Wife

New Carlisle

Quebec

Fletcher Blois

Jun 17 1888

New Carlisle

Quebec

Machinist

Presbyterian

65b King St

Sherbrooke, Quebec

Montreal

James Assels

Father

New Carlisle Quebec


ASTELL

Born

At

Trade

Calling

Religion

Current

Address

Place Signed

Next of Kin

Next of Kin

Address

Archibald

Harold

Jun 17 1886

Stoke Newington

London

Auto

mechanic

Church of

England


Winnipeg

Sarah Astell

22 Derwent Rd

Palmers Green

London

Frederick William

Apr 21

1879

Middlesex

England

Ships

Steward

Church of

England

1510 4th Ave E

Vancouver BC

Vancouver

Ernest Astell

Brother

Nelson St, Vancouver


ASTELS

Born

At

Trade

Calling

Religion

Current

Address

Place Signed

Next of Kin

Next of Kin

Address

Ernest Wilson

Sep 22

1897

New Carlisle

Quebec

Labor

Manual

Church of

England

New Carlisle

Quebec

New Carlisle

Quebec

Ernest Astles

Father

New Carlisle

Quebec

Garfield Benjamin

Oct 16 1894

New Carlisle

Quebec

Railway

Brakeman

Church of

England

New Carlisle

Quebec

Quebec

City

Sarah Jane

Billingles-Astels

Mother

New Carlisle

Quebec

George

Aug 28

1901

New Carlisle

Quebec

Farmer


New Carlisle

Quebec

Quebec

City

William James Astels

Father

New Carlisle

Quebec

Herman Woodburn

Jun 15

1898

New Carlisle

Quebec

Farmer

Church of

England

New Carlisle

Quebec

New Carlisle

Quebec

Thomas Astels

Father

New Carlisle

Quebec

John

Bertram

Apr 7

1901

New Carlisle

Quebec

Farmer


New Carlisle

Quebec

New Carlisle

Quebec

Thomas Astles

Father

New Carlisle

Quebec

Johnson Chester

Jul 21 1899

New Carlisle

Quebec

Farmer

Church of

England

New Carlisle

Quebec

Quebec

City

Ernest Astles

New Carlisle

Quebec

Stewart

Jan 10

1896

New Carlisle

Quebec

Farmer

Church of

England

New Carlisle

Quebec

New Carlisle

Quebec

Thomas Astels

New Carlisle

Quebec


ASTILL

Born

At

Trade

Calling

Religion

Current

Address

Place Signed

Next of Kin

Next of Kin

Address

George

Sep 11

1887

Leicester

England

Labourer

Church of

England

46 Ford St

Brockton

Massachusetts

Montreal

Annie Astill

Wife

30 Harrington St

Leicester

England

Reuben

Mar 15 1885

Leicester

England

Conductor

T.S. Ry.

Church of

England

?3 Empire Ave

Toronto, Ontario

Toronto

Elizabeth Astill

Wife

?3 Empire Ave

Toronto, Ontario


ASTLE

Born

At

Trade

Calling

Religion

Current

Address

Place Signed

Next of Kin

Next of Kin

Address

Alan

Nov 12

1891

Middleton England

Laborer

Church of

England

Little Current

Ontario

Little Current

Ontario

William Astle

Brother

Little Current

Ontario

George

Esmonde†

Mar 3

1896

Cheshire

England

Carpenter

Church of

England


Halifax

Nova Scotia

Osweld Astle

Father

14 Stanford Rd

Longside

Manchester

England

Joseph Victor

Feb 23

1896

Liverpool

England

Armature

Winder

Baptist or

Congregationalist

1422 Harrison St

Victoria BC

Victoria BC

Jennie Astle

Mother

1422 Harrison St

Victoria BC

Kenneth

Milan†

Jan 17

1898

Derby

England

Knitter

Church of

England

Paris

Ontario

Paris

Ontario

Edith Astle

Mother

Paris

Ontario

Melbourne (Melvin)

David

Jul 22

1893

Blackville

New Brunswick

Farmer

Church of

England

Doaktown

New Brunswick

Sussex

New Brunswick

Lizzie Astle

Blackville

New Brunswick

Seth

Jan 13

1880

Newmarket

Ontario

Chauffeur

Presbyterian

1278 King St

West Toronto

Toronto

Rosella Astle

Mother

67 Allen Ave

Toronto

Weldon

Levata

Jun 15 1895

Quarryville New Brunswick

Labourer

Congregationalist

Woodstock

New

Brunswick

Millinocket Maine

Moses Astle

Millinocket Maine

William

Wilfred

Dec 25 1893

Little Metis

Quebec

Dental

Surgeon

Methodist

Central YMCA

Montreal

Montreal

Fred Astle

Father

Little Metis Quebec


ASTLES

Born

At

Trade

Calling

Religion

Current

Address

Place Signed

Next of Kin

Next of Kin

Address

Albert†

Aug 13 1896

Dawsonville

New Brunswick

Laborer

Church of

England


Campbellton

New Brunswick

Mary Astles

Campbellton

New Brunswick

Charles

Dec 25

1896

Liverpool England

Laborer

Church of

England

957 Hackett St

London

Ontario

London

Ontario

Mary Astles

Mother

957 Hackett St

London

Ontario

Harold

Feb 10 1891

Northwich

Cheshire

England

Electrician

Baptist or

Congregationalist


St Thomas,

Ontario

Mary Jane Astles

Mother

Marlyborough Rd

Bowden,

Cheshire

Hugh

Belford

Jun 17

1895

New Carlisle

Quebec

Locomotive

Engineer

Church of

England

New Carlisle

Quebec

Quebec

City

Ernest Astels

Father

New Carlisle

Quebec

James

Mar 21

1900

Liverpool

England

Hammer Boy

Presbyterian

957 Hackett St

London

Ontario

London

Ontario

Charles Astles

Father

957 Hackett St

London

Ontario

James

Daniel

Sep 27

1895

Quarryville

New Brunswick

Cook

Church of

England

Quarryville

New Brunswick

Newcastle

New Brunswick

John Astles

Father

Quarryville

New Brunswick

James

Richard

Feb 3

1888

Congleton

Cheshire

England

Teamster

Church of

England


London

Ontario

Ellen Astles

Wife

40 Front St

London

Ontario

Joseph

Walter

Feb 22

1894

Liverpool England

Car Repairer

Presbyterian

957 Haskett St

London

Ontario

London

Ontario

Charles Astles

Father

957 Haskett St

London

Ontario

Thomas

William

Oct 31

1880

South Esk

New Brunswick

Laborer

Presbyterian

Bridgetown

New Brunswick

Newcastle

New Brunswick

Hugh Astles

Brother

Bridgetown

New Brunswick

William

Jun 21

1897

New Carlisle

Quebec

Labourer

Church of

England

St Louis Barracks

Quebec

Quebec

City

Mary Astles

Mother

New Carlisle

Quebec

Wilson

Mar 22 1897

New Carlisle

Quebec

Farmer


New Carlisle

Quebec

Quebec

City

Fred Astles

Father

New Carlisle

Quebec

Edmund Assels,  The Quebec Foresters Bonaventure and Gaspe Company, CEF, 2245897

Edmund Assels was born 17 June 1891 in New Carlisle to Robert Arthur Astles/Assels and his 2nd wife Mary Myles. Edmund was a brother to William Astles and a great grandson of James Astles and Sarah Flowers.

Edmund was found as Asstels in 1901 census and as Asstles in 1911. He enlisted 9 November 1917 at New Carlisle giving his occupation as Farmer and Labourer.

Edmund sailed from Halifax 17 December 1917 aboard SS Grampian to Glasgow. He served in France. Edmund returned to Canada aboard SS Regina departing Liverpool 22 March 1919 and was discharged in Montreal 1st April.

After the war Edmund married Florence Lucas and they had two sons. Edmund died 19 August 1960 and Florence died in 1971. They are buried together in St Andrews Anglican Church Cemetery in New Carlisle, Quebec.

Ernest Assels,  Canadian Infantry 189th (Canadien-Français) Battalion, 889702

Ernest was born in New Carlisle and, according to his attestation papers, was 45 years old when he enlisted in January 1916 giving a birth date of 8 April 1871. However, the 1911 census, where the family name is spelled Asstles, gives his age as 45 and year of birth as 1866, suggesting he was nearly 50 when he began his military career.

The clerk enlisting Ernest recorded his surname as Astles then Astels was added in a different hand. He signed his name as Assels and someone put a “t” over the second “s”on 2 of his 3 signatures. Ernest, a Farmer, married Mary Ann Garrett in 1892 and they had 8 children including Hugh Belford and Ernest Wilson. Ernest was a grandson of James Astles and Sarah Flowers.

While Ernest was noted as fit on his attestation form in January 1916 and assigned to the 189th Battalion based in Fraserville, Quebec (now Rivière-du-Loup), by the time the unit was ready to sail for England in September he was found to have arteriosclerosis and discharged as medically unfit.

The 189th was also the battalion in which Ernest’s son Ernest Wilson Astels and nephew Herman Woodburn Astels enlisted. Ernest died 5 May 1944 and is buried in St Andrews Anglican Church Cemetery in New Carlisle, Quebec.

Fletcher Blois Assels, 1st Depot Bn 1st Quebec Regiment, 3080597

Fletcher Assels was born 17 June 1888 in New Carlisle and adopted by James Thomas Assels and Elizabeth Crawford. He was the adopted great grandson of James Astles and Sarah Flowers.

The family is recorded as Asels on the 1901 census for New Carlisle and Fletcher is recorded as a 12 year-old boy with his parents and two sisters. Fletcher Asstles appears on the 1911 census for New Carlisle with his father (a Farmer), his mother, a 12 year-old, adopted girl and a Domestic Servant.

Fletcher Assels was discharged in December of 1918 due to general demobilization, having served in Canada in the First Depot Battalion of the First Quebec Regiment for nearly one year. He gave as his intended address on discharge the same location in Sherbrooke, Quebec where he had resided on enlistment.

There is a monument in Ottawa’s Beechwood Cemetery “in memory of Fletcher Astels husband of Margaret Mullins 1888-1950”.

Archibald Harold Astell,  No. 1 Overseas C.A.S.C. 3rd Div. Train, 514752

Archibald Harold Astell was born 17 June 1886 in Stoke Newington (sometimes given as Islington), London, the son of Henry G. and Sarah Astell and brother of Edith, Henry G., Beatrice and Sarah. Both parents were London born and his father was engaged in the drapery trade.

Archibald was single and 29 years old when he joined up 1 December 1915 and his next of kin was Sarah Astell in Palmers Green, London. Archibald had arrived in Canada in November 1911 aboard the “Teutonic” from Liverpool to Quebec, the ship’s manifest stating he had been a Draper in England and intended to follow the same occupation in Canada. However, he gave his occupation as Auto Mechanic on enlistment.

Archibald’s military files show that he served in both England and France as part of the Canadian Army Service Corps, which provided transportation and supply services. A May 1917 letter in the file states he was granted permission to marry and that his next of kin was changed to Mrs Florence Astell of 180 Clarence Road, Derby. He had married Florence Amelia Clay on 29 March 1917 in Derby. It appears from Free BMD that they had a son born in Derby in 1918.

Archibald was approved for discharge in England and a 1918 Electoral register shows Archibald Harold Astell at the Clarence Road address. A 1922 register for Portland in the County of Sussex includes both Archibald Harold and Florence Amelia and a 1926 register shows them at the same address. They are in Brighton, Sussex in the 1939 National Register and Archibald Harold Astell, born 1886, died in 1974 in Brighton.

Frederick William Astell, Canadian Infantry 102nd Battalion, 703047, Private

Frederick William Astell was born April 21, 1879 in Middlesex, England according to his attestation papers, and, according to the 1911 census, emigrated to Canada in 1896. Fred Astell is recorded in Vancouver in the 1911 census as a single man of 31 and his occupation is given as mechanic in a factory.

In December 1915 when he enlisted Frederick gave his occupation as ship’s steward. He did not show up in the 1901 Canadian or British census. He died January 13, 1948 in Vancouver at the reported age of 80, a decade older than his reported birth date at enlistment.

Frederick was actually born on 21 April 1868 to Frederick Astell and Sarah Page. This date appears on his death certificate and is supported by birth registration and census documentation.

The 1871 census shows Frederick’s parents are in Stepney, London with a 1 year old son Ernest. Frederick is aged 2 and living with his paternal grandfather Frederick and Grandmother Mary in Mile End Old Town, London.

The 1881 census shows Frederick aged 12 living in Hull, Yorkshire with his mother Sarah Astell, who is the head of the household and a Steam Ship Engineer’s wife. Also in the household are Frederick’s brothers, Ernest aged 11, and Harry aged 3.

It also seems that Frederick William Astell was not always single. The 1891 census for Newington, Hull Yorkshire shows Frederick’s father was a Marine Engineer, living with his wife Sarah and 13 year old son Harry P. (Page). Also in the household is a daughter in law Ada, with her infant daughter Elma E. (Ernestine).

The marriage registration index for 1890 (July-Sep) shows a marriage in the West Ham district of London for Frederick William H. Astell and Ada Ernestine Walker.
In 1901 Ada is the head of the household, living at Sculcoates near Hull, Yorkshire and has two more children, Frederick William aged 7 and Ada aged 4. Ada’s, mother in law Sarah is living in Hull enumerated alone as a wife and a stewardess. The ship-related occupations may account for the absence of both Frederick and his father in some census records. If however, Frederick did indeed emigrate to Canada in 1896 this could also explain his absence.

Sadly, it appears that Frederick’s wife Ada died in 1904, hence his declaration of being a single man on the 1911 census in Canada. Frederick’s children remained in England and were recorded on the 1911 census at Sculcoates. Interestingly they are living with their grandmother Sarah, who had remarried in 1905 to an Arthur Walker. It is possible that Arthur Walker was in some way related to their late mother, but further research is needed to be certain.

Private Astell served in France in the 102nd Canadian Infantry Battalion. He sailed to England from Halifax 18 June 1916 aboard the Empress of Britain and landed in France 8 December 1916. Granted permission to marry in May 1919, Frederick W. Astell married Mary A. Mercer in Huddersfield, Yorkshire. He left Liverpool 15 August 1919 aboard RMS Melita reaching Quebec City a week later.

Fred and Mary Astell are found in the 1921 census at Margaret Street, Vancouver. Frederick died on 13 June 1948 at Shaughnessy Hospital in Vancouver where he had worked as a Janitor. Frederick is buried at Mountain View Cemetery as is Mary who died in 1941.

Ernest Wilson Astels,  189th Bn (Canadien-Français) Canadian Infantry, 889703

Although he enlisted as Wilson, this man’s first name was apparently Ernest after his father; he had a 2nd cousin Wilson born the same year.

Ernest Wilson Astels was born in New Carlisle 22 September 1897, the son of Ernest Assels and Mary Ann Garrett and the brother of Johnson Chester Astels and  Hugh Belford Astles. He was a great grandson of James Astles and Sarah Flowers.

He enlisted 6 March 1916 in New Carlisle giving Manual Labour as his occupation and was assigned to the 189th Battalion based in Fraserville, Quebec (now Rivière-du-Loup). His father Ernest and cousin Herman Woodburn Astels also enlisted in this battalion.

Ernest Wilson Astels served in Canada, England, France and Belgium. He sailed for England on 27 September 1916 on the Lapland, arriving 6 October. Once overseas he was transferred to the 24th Battalion. He went to France on 26 August 1917. He was gassed at Paschendale on 8 November 1917 resulting in conjunctivitis and was returned to England due to this and trench feet. He returned to Canada 6 January 1920. Ernest Wilson Astels died 8 October 1949.

Garfield Benjamin Astels,  3rd Depot Bn 2nd Quebec Regiment, 3383395

Garfield Astels was born 16 October 1894 in New Carlisle, the son of Frederick Angus Astles/Astels and his second wife Sarah Jane Billingsley. Garfield was the great grandson of James Astles and Sarah Flowers and brother of Wilson Astles.

Garfield shows up in the 1911 Canadian census with the family name recorded as Asstles. He was enumerated with his parents and 4 siblings. In the 1901 census the family name is given as Assels.

He was drafted 22 July 1918 and gave his occupation as Railway Brakeman. Garfield B. Astels and Reta Keays were married 27  August 1919 in the County of Restigouche, New Brunswick. Garfield was demobilized 12 November 1918.

Garfield died 3 May 1921, and is buried in St. Andrew's Church of England Cemetery, New Carlisle.

George Astels, 2697840

George Astels was born 28 August 1901 in New Carlisle. George is found, aged 9, in the 1911 census in New Carlisle with his parents, William James and Diana (née Ross) Asstles, two brothers and a sister and his 90 year-old paternal grandmother, Mary Jane née Imhoff/Emouff, another old New Carlisle name.

George was a great grandson of James Astles and Sarah Flowers. He gave his occupation as Farmer on attestation 24 May 1918 and stated he had served in the 8th Regiment Royal Rifles. On his attestation form the Medical Officer noted that George was considered unfit, apparently due to his age as he was 2 months short of his 17th birthday.

Other documents in George’s personnel file show that he was assigned to the Canadian Garrison Regiment for 4 days but not formally discharged until 5 August 1918 as underage. In June he had spent 3 weeks in a military hospital at Beauport, Quebec (now a suburb of Quebec City) recovering from mumps. George’s elder brother William Ross Astell registered for the US WWI draft in Grays Harbour, Washington.

George Astell, who gave a birth date of 28 August 1902 in New Carlisle, Quebec, was naturalized in 1924 in Grays Harbour, WA. He was an unmarried, locomotive fireman residing in Hoquiam, WA at the time. George Astell of Portland, Oregon and the son of William James Astell and Diana Ross, married Sarah Winifred Law of Montreal in Montreal in 1937. The 1940 US census found George and Sarah in Portland. He died in 1965 and Sarah, in 1980; both are buried in Portland.

Herman Woodburn Astels, Canadian Infantry 24th Bn Quebec Regiment, 889701, Private

Herman Woodburn Astels was born 15 June 1898 in New Carlisle to James Thomas Astels and Sarah Jane Garrett, brother to Stewart and Bertram. He was the great grandson of James Astles and Sarah Flowers.

In the 1901 census for New Carlisle, Herman Assells is the youngest child at 2 years of age with 11 older siblings. In the 1911 census for New Carlisle Herman Asstles at 12 years is 2nd youngest of 9 children still at home.

Herman enlisted 12 January 1916 at New Carlisle giving his occupation as Farmer. He died 6 November 1917 and is buried at Passchendale New British Cemetery, Belgium, grave reference XIII. E. 23.

He is commemorated on Page 193 of Canada’s First World War Book of Remembrance and on the New Carlisle, Quebec war memorial where the surname is spelled Astles.

John Bertram Astels, 5th Bn C.G.R., 2697848

John Bertram Astels, born 7 April 1901 in New Carlisle, was the son of James Thomas Astels and Sarah Jane Garrett and brother to Stewart and Herman. He was the great grandson of James Astles and Sarah Flowers.

Bertram appears in the 1911 census for New Carlisle, Quebec as the youngest child of Thomas, a Farmer, and Sarah Asstles.

John Bertram Astels enlisted 24 May 1918 at 17 years of age in Quebec City in the 5th Canadian Garrison Regiment of active militia having served in the 8th Regiment Royal Rifles from 5 October 1916 to 24 May 1918. He was discharged 7 August 1918 as underage. His service closely parallels that of his first cousin Johnson Chester Astels.

He later married Jessie Edoris Gallant of New Carlisle and had a family. Bertram died September 1967 and is buried in Montreal.

Johnson Chester Astels, Regimental Number 879

Johnson Chester Astels was the son of Ernest Assels and Mary Ann Garrett, brother of Hugh Belford and Ernest Wilson, and great grandson of James Astles and Sarah Flowers, all of New Carlisle, Quebec. He was baptized 16 April 1901 when his birth was recorded as 21 July 1900, consistent with the 1901 census. When he attested, Chester, as he was apparently known, gave his birth year as 1899, consistent with the 1911 census.

Chester passed a medical exam at New Carlisle on October 21, 1916 and was attested in Quebec City 1 November to serve in the 8th Regiment Royal Rifles, Home Service for the duration of the war. He served continuously in the 8th RR and 5th Canadian Garrison Regiment of active militia until discharged 29 July 1918 as underage and unfit.

Chester had been twice in hospital during that time, 3 days for influenza and 6 weeks for Otitis media, inflammation of the middle ear. His discharge documents indicated deafness prior to enlistment. Chester returned to New Carlisle to farm and married Emma Harriet Munro. They had at least one child, a son born in 1934 and named for his father. Chester died in 1981 and is buried in Bayside Bible Chapel Cemetery at New Carlisle.

Stewart Astels, 1st Depot Bn 2nd Quebec Regiment 3289358

Stewart Astels was born 10 January 1896 at New Carlisle, Quebec the 11th of 13 children of James Thomas Astels and Sarah Jane Garrett.

Steward Assells is found in the 1901 Canadian Census of New Carlisle, Quebec with parents James and Sarah and 12 children including brothers Herman and John Bertram. Stewart Asstles, aged 14, is found in the 1911 Canadian Census of New Carlisle, Quebec, son of Thomas, a Farmer, and Sarah. He was the great grandson of James Astles and Sarah Flowers.

Stewart was drafted in Quebec City 22 July 1918 at the age of 22 giving his occupation as Farmer and served in Canada until demobilized 11 February 1919. He married Ethel Permilla Smith in 1928 and had at least one child.

George Astill, 3081730

George Astill was born 11 September 1887 in Leicester, England. When he attested 28 January 1918 he gave his address as Brockton, Massachussetts and his next of kin as Annie Astill in Leicester. George had registered for the American draft in Brockton 5 June 1917 and gave his dependents as a wife and one child. Free BMD reveals that George was married in Leicester in 1911 to Annie Mee and that their daughter Annie was born in 1912.

George had immigrated to the USA in 1913 as reported on the 1920 census and he can be found on a passenger list for the Arabic of the White Star Line which left Liverpool 25 February 1913 for Boston. He gave his occupation then as warehouseman.

The 1901 Leicester census shows George, aged 13, as the 5th of 9 children of John B. (born about 1858) and Annie Astill. John was a railway checker, his eldest son a railway clerk and George an errand boy. The family is recorded in the 1891 census although George is not listed and has not yet shown up elsewhere. At that point his father was a railway porter. One of the documents in George’s CEF file gives his father’s full name as John Blackwell Astill, who can be found in the 1871 census as J. Blackwell Astill with parents Jonathan and Elizabeth.

The 1851 and 1861 censuses show that Jonathan and Elizabeth were born in Dunton Bassett, Leicester. Jonathan was employed as a framework knitter from at least 1841 to 1891; in 1901 he was widowed and living on his own means with his single daughter.

Private George Astill sailed from Canada to Liverpool and served in both France and England, including 2 weeks in hospital recovering from influenza. He returned to Canada in May of 1919 and soon after crossed the border to the USA at Montreal giving Montreal as his latest address, his next of kin in the country from which he came as wife Annie at 20 Harrington St, Leicester, England, and his intended destination as Brockton, Mass.

George was enumerated in the 1920 US census in Brockton in the rented home of his 65 year old widowed aunt, Clara Beaumont, who had immigrated to the USA in 1888. George was listed as an alien and shown as married but his wife was not present. His occupation was punch press in a machine shop and his aunt was a stitcher in a shoe factory.

Ten years later George was renting at the same address with the same occupation. He was 42 with naturalization status given as “Pa”, indicating first papers filed for citizenship. George was married to Lillian E., aged 40 and a skiver in a shoe factory. She was reported first married at 35 and George at 24.

By 1940 they were in Revere, Massachusetts, where George was a railroad crossing tender for an electric railroad and his mother in law from England, Martha A. Swanwick, had joined them. Lillie and her parents, Edgar and Martha, are found in the 1891 census in Leicestershire, England and had immigrated to the USA in 1896 according to the 1900 census when they were in Chicago.

George died in April 1971 in Massachusetts.

Reuben Astill,  Canadian Infantry 169th Overseas Bn, 678264

Reuben Astill was born 15 March 1885 in Leicester, England, the son of William James Astill and Rachel Springthorpe.

Reuben was enumerated in the 1891 census in Leicester as a 6 year old with his parents and his younger siblings Florence and Leonard. His father was a shoe riveter. Like George Astill’s family they lived in East Leicester and in the same civil parish suggesting a possible relationship between the families. In 1901 Reuben, his father and sister were all working as shoe hands, apparently in a factory. His maternal grandfather, Reuben Springthorpe, was with the family working as a shoemaker at home.

In the 1881 census James William Astill appears in Leicester as a 17 year old shoe hand with his father John, a shoe riveter, his mother and 6 siblings.

In the 1911 Canadian census Reuben and Elizabeth Astle were enumerated at 110 Elliott Street, Toronto with a 3-year-old daughter Mabel E. Reuben was employed a Railway Conductor and the census shows that they immigrated in 1909. The passenger list for the Corsican documents the couple’s arrival with a one year old child at Quebec June 25, 1909 with Toronto as intended final destination. Free BMD suggests Reuben Astill married Elizabeth Harmon Rogers in 1904. When he enlisted on 25 January 1916 Reuben stated he had served 7 years in the 4th Leicestershire Regiment.

After the war Pte. Reuben Astill returned to Canada on the Olympic arriving December 14, 1918 at Halifax. He is listed on a “Nominal Roll of Men to be Discharged in Canada. Party of Medically Unfits etc., Sailing from Southampton.” His unit is given as 1st Cord 169 B and his residence is given as Toronto with wife listed as a dependent. No details of medical condition are given.

Alan Astle, 119th  Bn Canadian Expeditionary Force, 754030

Alan was born 12 November 1891 in Middleton, Lancashire, the son of Edward Astle a Teacher and Surveyor’s Clerk and Harriet Marsh. Alan was a Labourer who emigrated to Canada in May 1913, aboard the “Laurentic” to Quebec. He went to join his brother William at Little Current Ontario who had emigrated in July 1907 aboard the “Lake Manitoba”.

Alan enlisted on 22 January 1916 in the 119th Battalion of the Canadian Expeditionary Force and served in England and France in the 58th Canadian infantry Battalion. He was injured by shell gas (i.e., gas dispersed by artillery shells) on 28 August 1918 and by 11 September was discharged to duty from hospital with no disability. Alan was demobilized in Toronto on 23 March 1919.

In January 1920 Alan was living with his other brother Frederick and his family in Ionia Michigan, working as a Labourer in a Reed factory where Frederick was an Inspector. For more family background see the biography of Frederick who registered for the US draft.

On 17 June 1920 Alan married Maggie Louisa Ashworth at Little Current Ontario where he was a Farmer of Howland Township. On Christmas Eve 1920 Alan travelled back to Ionia again and was joined by Maggie in January 1921. On the census of 1930 Alan and ‘Louise’ were living in Ionia where Alan was a Weaver, and they had a 5 year old daughter Marjorie. Maggie died 17 February 1975 and Alan died 2 May 1981, both at Ionia.

George Esmunde Astle, 24th Canadian, 415765, Private

George was born on 3rd March 1896 at Northwich Cheshire the son of Oswald Astle(s) and Alice Perry, and brother of Norman. On the 1901 census at Northwich the surname of the family was first enumerated as Astles, and then amended to Astle. George’s mother Alice  died shortly afterwards, and his father married Rachel Allison in 1908. George was a Carpenter when he emigrated to Canada in July 1913 aboard the “Carthaginian” arriving at Halifax. His father, step mother, younger brothers Thomas and Edward followed aboard the “Sardinian” two months later.

George enlisted on 28th July 1915 in the 40th Battalion of the Canadian Expeditionary Force. He gave his father as next of kin with an address in Manchester England, which suggests that Oswald did not stay in Canada too long.

George’s military file contains a holographic will written 11th Feb 1916 on a perforated sheet from his pay book in which he left everything to his father whose address was given as Yate Chemical Co., Yate, N. Bristol.

George embarked for France 8 March 1916. On 11 April he received a gunshot wound in his right arm and in the months following experienced various medical issues. George was killed on 9th April 1917 and is buried in Lichfield Crater, Pas de Calais.

Joseph Victor Astle, 119th  Bn Canadian Expeditionary Force, 706486     (Family Tree)

Joseph was born 23 February 1896 in Liverpool, the son of Joseph Holmes Astle and Jane Matilda Stinton. On the 1901 census they are living at Walton on the Hill near Liverpool, where Joseph Snr. is a Butcher. The census record shows that Jane was from London which is where they were married in 1891. By 1901 they had two children, Joseph aged 5 and a daughter Jennie Dorothy aged 7.  

The family immigrated to Canada in June 1903 aboard the “Lake Manitoba” to Quebec, giving their destination as Victoria, British Columbia. Sadly it appears that Joseph’s father died in March 1909 at Cowichan Station, (although the Death Index for British Columbia 1872-1990 on the Ancestry.com website records this as John Holmes Astle). On the 1911 Census ‘Jeanne’ his widow, daughter ‘Dorothy’ and Joseph are living at Victoria, where ‘Jeanne’ is a Farmer.

Joseph enlisted on 3 January 1916 in the 103rd Battalion of the Canadian Expeditionary Force and arrived in England 31 July 1916. On arrival in France in February 1917 he was transferred to the 2nd Battalion of Canadian Mounted Rifles. Although he survived the war Joseph died on 15 May 1920 of septicemia at St. Joseph’s Hospital Victoria aged just 24. Joseph is buried at Ross Bay Cemetery.

When a visit to Joseph’s grave revealed that he did not have a grave marker, a staff member at the Ross Bay Cemetery advised us to apply for one from the Unmarked Grave Program of the Last Post Fund, a non-profit organization serving Canadian veterans, which we did. Joseph now has a military gravestone.


Kenneth Milan Astle, Canadian Infantry, 270411, Private

Kenneth was born in 1898 at Derby and emigrated to Canada with his Aunt Catherine in August 1910 on board the “Victorian” to Montreal. Kenneth’s mother Edith was a Teacher and she had traveled ahead of him by 4 months aboard the “Dominion” accompanied by another sister Lucy. Kenneth is recorded on the 1911 census at Brant Ontario, and he enlisted on 9th June 1916 into the 215th Battalion Canadian Expeditionary Force, already being a member of the Brent Dragoons. Kenneth was serving with the 38 Battalion, Eastern Ontario Regiment when he died of wounds received on 1 September 1918. He is remembered at Faubourg D’Amiens Cemetery, Arras.

Melbourne (Melvin) David Astle, 1st Depot Bn New Brunswick Regiment, 4061792

Melbourne (Melvin) David Astle, 1st Depot Bn New Brunswick Regiment, 4061792

The attestation form for Melvin David Astle is signed with an X in the presence of a witness which would explain why he did not ask for his name to be corrected to Melbourne.

Melbourne is found on the 1901 census with parents Alexander H and Elizabeth Astle and 7 siblings in Blackville, New Brunswick when his birthdate was given as 22 July 1892. At attestation his birth year was recorded as 1893 and he was said to be a farmer.

Melbourne’s father died in 1908, and on the 1911 census at Blackville the family was enumerated with Elizabeth’s maiden surname of Curtis. No previous trace of Alexander has yet been found although he is likely descended from pioneer settlers James Astle(s) and Elizabeth McLean.

Melbourne died 25 March 1951 in Grey Rapids, Northumberland County, New Brunswick of influenza and is buried there. His death registration states he was single and had worked in the woods for 25 years. He is commemorated on a family marker in the United Pentecostal Cemetery, Gray Rapids that includes his mother and his sister Charlotte as well as several other relatives.

Seth  Astle, 1st Central Ontario Regiment, 3034925

Seth was born 13 January 1888 in Newmarket Ontario, the 8th of 10 children of William Astle and Rosella Andrews, both born in England. On the 1911 census he is working on the family farm in North Gwillimbury Ontario.

Seth was called up on 18 April 1918, and was transferred to the Machine Gun Corps before leaving for England on 3 August 1918. Once in England Seth had a run of health problems, getting mumps in December followed by influenza in February then bronco-pneumonia, resulting in his being invalided to Canada for further treatment. He arrived in Quebec 2 Jun 1919 and went on to Spadina Military Hospital in Toronto to convalesce.

Seth married Kathleen McLeod in Toronto on 25 November 1919. They are found in Toronto in the 1921 census which indicates she was born in Scotland and immigrated in 1911.

Weldon Levata Astle, 65th Overseas Battalion, 335925

Weldon Levata Astle was born in Quarryville, New Brunswick to Moses Astle(s) and Jane Vanderbilt [or Vanderbeck] and had lived most of his life in Millinocket, Maine when he enlisted with the CEF on 27 May 1916. He gave his date of birth as 21 June 1895 although, when he later registered for the US draft, he gave the year as 1898 which is consistent with the Canadian 1901 census where he is listed as Gordon.

Weldon was assigned to the 65th overseas battalion although his CEF file indicates he did not serve overseas.

Moses Astle(s) and Jane Vanderbilt [or Vanderbeck] had 11 children in Derby, New Brunswick between 1872 and 1899. At the turn of the century the parents and most of their children immigrated to Millinocket, Maine.  Five of their 7 sons (Robert, Duncan, Clinton, George and Weldon) registered there for the WWI draft.

Draft records show that Weldon was born 18 June 1898 and, like his older brother Clinton, worked for the Great Northern Paper Company in Millinocket. Weldon was with his mother and siblings in the 1901 Canadian census where the family name was recorded as Astles and with his parents and siblings in the 1910 US census as Astle. He is listed as Weldon L. in the 1910 census, the only indication found of a second name.

Weldon was enumerated in 1920 as a paper mill employee, an alien and a single man. By 1930 he was recorded with wife Mattie and was a naturalized citizen and a millwright at a paper mill. Weldon married Mattie B. Dyer (nee Lee) in 1924. According to the 1930 census Weldon was not a military veteran. In 1940 Weldon’s father Moses was living with the couple. Weldon was in Millinocket over this period.

Weldon Astle died 3 March 1993 in Owosso, Shiawassee, Michigan. His date of birth was given as 18 June 1895 on one document and a day earlier on another – this is likely the same man as above since one document notes that his Social Security number was issued in Maine.

William Wilfred Astle, Canadian Army Dental Corps, Lieutenant (Rising to Captain)

William Wilfred Astle was born 25th December 1892 according to family records, a year earlier than the date on his attestation papers, in Little Métis, Quebec, the 8th of 9 children of Frederick Astle and Agnes Blue. He is found in Little Métis with his parents and siblings in the 1901 and 1911 census. William’s Astle grandfather and great grandfather had immigrated to Quebec about 1830 from Staffordshire, England.

William enlisted in Montreal 20 December 1916 and stated he had completed a year of military service (O.O.T.C.) in Toronto. During WWI William served in Canada as a member of the Canadian Army Dental Corps and, although he enlisted as a private, he was appointed to commissioned rank as a lieutenant in Montreal in December 1916 and as a captain in Calgary in December 1917.

His military file indicates William had asthma before the war and that he went west for the drier climate which helped. In Alberta he met Annie Evelyn Sidie and they were married 9 April 1919. Dr. Astle practiced as a Dentist in Edmonton and died 21 April 1941.

Albert Astles, Canadian Infantry (New Brunswick Regiment), 26th Battalion, 70324, Private

When Albert Astles enlisted 20 April 1915 he was recorded as born 13 August 1896 in Dawsonville, New Brunswick and his mother Mary Astles of Campbellton, New Brunswick was next of kin.

His recently digitized military file on Library and Archives Canada gives his mother at different times as Mary Jane Astles or Mrs. Wm Jas Astles. This matches a Campbellton marriage entry in April 1897 for William James Assels born in New Carlisle, Quebec and resident in Dawsonville to Mary Jane Letourneau and a birth entry to these parents of Thomas James Albert on 4 September 1897 in Dawsonville.

Albert and his parents have not been found in the 1901 or 1911 Canadian census. William James, born in 1874, was the son of Hugh J. Assels and Josephine Dubey, and is found in New Carlisle with his parents and two siblings in the 1881 census and with his widowed mother and 5 siblings in 1891. Albert would thus be another 2nd great grandson of James Astles and Sarah Flowers.

Albert died 24 November 1916 and is buried at Tranchee De Mecknes Cemetery, France. He is also commemorated on Page 48 of the Canadian First World War Book of Remembrance and was one of the fallen soldiers honoured when the cornerstone was laid 1 July1920 for The Restigouche and Bay Chaleur Soldiers' Memorial Hospital.

Charles Astles, 142nd   Bn Canadian Expeditionary Force, 823179, Private

Charles was born on Christmas Day 1896 at Garston, Liverpool the son of Charles Astle and Mary Inglefield. Charles senior was a Dock Labourer, who emigrated to Canada early in 1911, where he worked as a Farm Labourer in Brooke Township, Ontario.

Mary and their children, Elizabeth, Ellen, Joseph, Edith, Charles and James arrived in Canada on 15th September 1911 aboard the “Corsican” at Quebec, their destination was Alvinston to join Charles senior. By 1915 the family was living in London Ontario where all three sons would enlist in December of that year.

Charles was a Labourer when he enlisted on 8th December, the day before his sister Edith was married to Ernest Gay, and Joseph and James followed him a few days later.

After sailing to England in November 1916, the 142nd battalion was absorbed into the 23rd Reserve Battalion. By 30 November Charles was in France where he served until 26 February 1917 when near Lens he received a gunshot wound to the head. From a casualty clearing station Charles progressed through a series of hospitals in France and the UK until he was discharged as medically unfit and sailed back to Canada from Liverpool on 11 March 1918.

In England Charles had reconstructive surgery on his lower jaw and before the surgery he was granted 3 weeks leave to visit relatives in England. The actual reason cited for his discharge was that he required soft food due to his injuries which could not be guaranteed in the army and Charles was declared fit for employment in civilian life. His discharge documents indicate he was entitled to wear one gold wound stripe.

Charles was an Auto Mechanic when he married Margaret Grace Potter on 29th June 1920 in London, Ontario. Charles and Margaret had a son William Wallington Astles who was born on 31 March 1921. William a member of the Royal Canadian Air Force was killed in June 1944 in what was termed a “Flying Accident” in England. He is buried in the Stonefall Cemetery in Harrogate, England. His mother pre-deceased him in September 1934 aged only 35.

Charles Astles’ Veteran’s Death Card on file at Library and Archives Canada shows he died 24 September 1947 and gives his daughter as next of kin with an address care of a London, Ontario firm of solicitors.

Harold Astles,  91st  Bn Canadian Expeditionary Force, 123410

Harold was born on 10 February 1891 at Marston, near Northwich, the son of Jonathan and Mary Jane Astles. On the 1891 census Jonathan and Mary are living at Marston where Jonathan is a Rock Salt Miner, with their two sons George F. and Harold.

By 1901 the family had moved to nearby Northwich where Jonathan was a Pile Driver, and Ellen, Wilfred and Mabel had been added to the family. The first to emigrate to Canada were eldest son George Foster Astles and his wife Mary Eliza Wilkinson who arrived in 1910, and were at St Thomas Ontario on the 1911 Census.

Harold was single and an Electrician when he arrived in New York on 16 August 1913 aboard the “Celtic”. He gave his destination as St. Thomas, Ontario, which is where he enlisted on 26 July 1915. His discharge certificate shows that he served in France with the Royal Canadian Horse Artillery as a gunner. He was demobilized in March 1919 in London, Ontario.

Harold’s parents and sister Mabel emigrated in August 1920 with the destination of Hagersville Ontario. The youngest son Wilfred appears to have remained in England, but there is a record of a trip he made in 1935 to Quebec, en route to visit his brother George at Fort Erie, Ontario. Harold is found in the 1921 census in St. Thomas with wife Nellie and 2 month old daughter Cecille. In the same city in another household are Harold’s parents, his sister Mabel and his uncle Thomas Astles.

Hugh Belford Astles,  3rd Depot  Bn 2nd Quebec Regiment, 3383396, Private

Hugh Belford Astles was born in New Carlisle 17 June 1895, the son of Ernest and brother of Johnson Chester Astels and  Ernest Wilson Astels. He was a great grandson of James Astles and Sarah Flowers.

Hugh was called up 22 July 1918 in Quebec City and stated he was a Locomotive Engineer. H. Belford Astles and Ethel P. Smith married 16 June 1919 in the County of Restigouche, New Brunswick. Hugh died 9 May 1927 in Campbellton., New Brunswick and is buried in Andrew's Church of England Cemetery, New Carlisle.

James Astles, 142nd   Bn Canadian Expeditionary Force, 823213

James was born on 21 March 1900 at Garston, Liverpool the son of Charles Astle and Mary Inglefield. Charles senior was a Dock Labourer, who emigrated to Canada early in 1911, where he worked as a Farm Labourer in Brooke Township, Ontario.

Mary and their children, Elizabeth, Ellen, Joseph, Edith, Charles and James arrived in Canada on 15th September 1911 aboard the “Corsican” at Quebec, their destination was Alvinston to join Charles senior. By 1915 the family was living in London Ontario where all three sons would enlist in December of that year.  

James was a Hammer Boy (assistant blacksmith in other documents) when he enlisted on 10th December 1915, adding two years to his age because he was still over 3 months away from his 16th birthday! His true age was apparently not discovered until he was in England as he sailed from Canada as part of the 142nd battalion along with his brother Charles on 1 November arriving in England 10 days later. By 4 May 1917 James was on his way back to Canada, discharged as under age and unfit, his file noting that he had almost no hearing in his right ear. He received an honourable discharge and the British War Medal. James’ height was measured as 5 feet 3 ½ inches on attestation and 5 feet 6 inches on discharge.

James married Ada Gladys Bond on 15th April 1922 in London, Ontario and died 25 June 1972 in London.

James Daniel Astles,  1st Depot Battalion New Brunswick Regiment, 3258458

James Daniel Astles was born 27 September 1895 in Quarryville, New Brunswick, the son of John Astles. The 1901 census for the subdistrict of Derby, which apparently includes Quarryville, shows a widowed Elizabeth Astles as head of a household including her widowed son John and her grandson James born 7 September 1895.

In 1911 John, whose livelihood was given as Farm and Woods work, was remarried to Addline and his son James was in the household. James was a second great grandson of pioneer New Brunswick couple John Astles and Hannah Underhill who married in Fredericton in 1802. Researcher Linda Stufflebean has concluded that John Astles was the son of James Astles, the tailor, who arrived at New Carlisle in 1784.

James was drafted 27 November 1917 in Newcastle, New Brunswick citing his occupation as Cook. Regarding previous military service he listed Camp Sussex 2 weeks 12th Field battalion 1914. James was demobilized 16 January 1919 in Saint John, New Brunswick.

James Daniel Astles and Susie A. Clarke were married 19 April 1921 at Newcastle, New Brunswick. James was married a second time to Lydia Dyck and died in 1974.

James Richard Astles,

James Richard Astles was born 3 February 1888 in Congleton, Cheshire, England and was the son of James Astles and Matilda Guildford, who married in 1885 at St. Peter's Church in Stoke on Trent, Staffordshire. (They went on to have 13 children of which 10 were surviving in 1911).

On the 1901 Census James is a 13 year old Farm boy, but he does not appear on the 1911 census in England.

On the 1911 Census in England his parents and youngest siblings are still in Congleton but they migrated to Canada on 1st May 1915 aboard the Scandinavian from Liverpool to Quebec.

James appears to have emigrated to Canada aboard the Tunisian to Halifax on 9 March 1911 accompanied by a Charles Astles.

On the 1911 Canadian census in the district of Lambton East, Ontario there is a Charles Astles aged 43 married, and a James Astles aged 23 unmarried living close to each other, their immigration year is 1911 and James' birth month is given as March 1888.

In September 1915 James was living in London, Ontario with his wife Ellen.

James enlisted in the 70th Canadian Infantry Battalion and sailed from Halifax on the SS Lapland on 24 April 1916 for England. James later transferred to the 39th Battalion of the CEF and then to the Canadian Army Medical Corps. He served in France with the 1st Canadian Field Ambulance and in November 1917 suffered a gunshot wound to his right hand.

James was demobilized 14 April 1919 and returned to Canada where he was discharged in Kingston, Ontario 10 days later. James’ War Service Gratuity form dated 23 March 1919 gives his address as 957 Hackett Street suggesting he was related to the brothers Joseph, Charles and James Astles who lived at that address.

Joseph Walter Astles, 142nd   Bn Canadian Expeditionary Force, 823428

Joseph was born on 22 February 1894 at Garston, Liverpool the son of Charles Astle and Mary Inglefield. Charles senior was a Dock Labourer, who emigrated to Canada early in 1911, where he worked as a Farm Labourer in Brooke Township, Ontario.

Mary and their children, Elizabeth, Ellen, Joseph, Edith, Charles and James arrived in Canada on 15th September 1911 aboard the “Corsican” at Quebec, their destination was Alvinston to join Charles senior. By 1915 the family was living in London Ontario where all three sons would enlist in December of that year.

Joseph was a Car Repairer when he enlisted on 11th December. On 16 May 1916, nearly 6 months before his brothers sailed with the 142nd battalion for England, Joseph was discharged due to a large bunion on his right foot that prevented marching.

Joseph was a Carpenter when he married Florence Maud Young on 4th December 1917 in London, Ontario. Joseph W. (1894-1958) and Florence M. (1900-1989) Astles are buried in Mount Pleasant Cemetery, London.

Thomas William Astles,  New Brunswick Regt, 132nd (North Shore) Bn, 793193, Private

Thomas William Astles was born 31 October 1880 in South Esk, New Brunswick, the 11th of 12 children of John Campbell Astles and Margaret Gillis, formerly of New Carlisle, Quebec. He was the great grandson of James Astles and Sarah Flowers.

The 1901 census shows William Astles, aged 19 as head of household with his parents, a brother and cousin in the home. His occupation is given as Woodsman and date of birth as 14 June 1881.

Thomas William was single and was recorded as a Labourer when he enlisted 17 December 1915 although other documents in his military file indicate he had been a teamster. As both parents were deceased, he gave his brother Hugh as his next of kin. On discharge he gave his address as Bridgetown, New Brunswick and his next of kin as his sister Maggie (Mrs. Robert) McKay of that place.

Thomas William served in Canada, England and France. On 8 June 1917 at Vimy Ridge he received a shrapnel wound in his left knee and a gunshot wound in his right arm. The knee injury kept him hospitalized in a series of military hospitals until February 1918 and on 21 March that year he returned to Canada.

After the war Will, as he was known, and his brother Hugh moved to Rochfort Bridge, Alberta where they lived the rest of their lives, Will remaining single and Hugh having a large family. Will died 5 October 1962 and is buried in the rural  Rochfort Bridge cemetery with a military grave marker.

William Astles,  1st Depot Battalion 2nd Quebec Regiment, 4040108

William Astles was born 21 June 1897 in New Carlisle, Quebec to Robert Arthur Astles and his second wife Mary Myles. He was the brother of Edmund Assels and a great grandson of James Astles and Sarah Flowers.

Like a number of the other Quebec men, William’s military career began in the militia. He was a member of the 8th Regiment Royal Rifles from 6 April 1916 to 2 January 1918 when he was drafted into the 1st Depot Battalion 2nd Quebec Regiment. His CEF attestation form, completed at St. Louis Barracks (now on the Canadian Register of Historic Places) in Quebec City, shows his occupation as laborer.

By 4th March William had arrived in England on the Saxonia and spent several months in the 20th Reserve Battalion before being transferred in mid-August to the 13th Canadian Infantry Battalion (Royal Highlanders of Canada) and sent to France. William returned to England 18 March 1919. He arrived back in Canada on the Olympic and was discharged in Quebec City 23 April.

William married Amy Irene Flowers in Campbellton, NB in 1920 and they had 4 children. William died in 1978 and Amy in 1999; they are buried together in St. Andrews Anglican Cemetery in New Carlisle.

Wilson Astles, 244th Overseas Bn, 1054417

Wilson Astles was born in New Carlisle, Quebec, the son of Frederick Angus Astles and Sarah Jane Billingsley, brother to Garfield Astels and 2nd cousin to Ernest Wilson Astels. Wilson was a great grandson of James Astles and Sarah Flowers.

Wilson, his parents and siblings were enumerated in the census years of 1901 as Assels and 1911 as Asstles.

When he attested in August 1916 Wilson gave his birth date as March 22, 1897 although various March dates are found in other documents. He reported he was a farmer and a member of the 8th Regiment of Royal Rifles, a militia unit established in Quebec in 1862, details of which were placed on active service in August 1914 for local protection duties.

Although Wilson was found fit for duty on enlistment, the following January, after a 10 day hospital stay in Montreal related to an old fracture of his right elbow, he was described as unable to do heavy lifting or handle a rifle. The medical officer suggested he could be a teamster; however, his file contains a discharge certificate dated February 6, 1917 stating he is medically unfit.

Wilson’s file contains a second attestation form from November 1918 indicating he was drafted into the First Depot Battalion, Saskatchewan Regiment under the Military Service Act, 1917. His address then was Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan. Documents from this time describe him as a defaulter who surrendered voluntarily, surprising when he had been discharged on medical grounds. He was demobilized September 12, 1918, giving his intended residence as Moose Jaw. Thus far no further trace has been found of Wilson Astles.